This study aims to analyze the effect of macroeconomic variables on the return on banking assets. The data processing method used by the researcher is using the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) as a data analysis tool and this study confirms that the extent to which it examines the positive and significant influence between macroeconomic variables on the return on banking assets. The data obtained is secondary data based on financial statements within a period of 3 years using monthly time series data. The results of this study indicate that there is a positive and significant effect on the exchange rate and CPI variables while it is negative and significant on the inflation, interest rate and IPI variables resulting from the long-term VECM estimation. While the results show that there is a positive and significant effect on the interest rate and CPI variables and a significant negative on the inflation variable, positive and insignificant on the exchange rate variable, negative and insignificant on the IPI variable on the ROA of the short-term VECM estimation results. The results of the measurement of the composition or contribution of the influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable show the interest rate variable with a value of 4.11% in the 10th period obtained through the results of the decomposition variance (VD) test on the return on assets (ROA) of banking studies at Conventional Commercial Banks in Indonesia.
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