•   Kerroumia Messen

  •   Sawssan Saadaoui


In Algeria, the debate on the role of higher education is flourishing; it is very much concerned with meeting the needs of the labor market, youth unemployment rates, and promoting knowledge transfer between university and industry.
Our study offered an overview of higher education system in Algeria, and tried to evaluate the influence of entrepreneurship courses taken at university and outside it on supporting student entrepreneurial intention.
This study was applied at the faculties of Business and Economics, in three Algerian universities, from November 2019 to January 2020, on a sample of 293 comprised students of the 1st to 3rd year.
By conducting the ASTEE questionnaire which contained 57 questions covering multiple dimensions including demographic questions, we confirmed that there were significant differences in all dimensions between Algerian entrepreneurially educated students and European entrepreneurially also non-entrepreneurially educated respondents, which explain the crucial role of university in promoting entrepreneurship. Our results affirmed that, unlike males, females tend to be innovative employees than being entrepreneurs.    
Despite of the satisfactory result, Algeria is invited to be keener in the use of modern methods and in the use of specialized frameworks in teaching entrepreneurship, In addition Algeria should pay more concern to generalize entrepreneurial education in other specializations of university.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial education; career ambition; ASTEE project; Algerian University.


A.Lanero, J. Vazquez, & C. Aza, “Social cognitive determinants of entrepreneurial careerchoice in universitystudents,”International Small Business Journal, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 1053–1075, 2016.

C. Carrier, “Intrapreneurship in smallbusiness: An exploratorystudy,”EntrepreneurshipTheory and Practice, vol. 21, no, 1, pp.5–20, 1996.

C.J. Sanchez, “The impact of an entrepreneurshipeducation program on entrepreneurial competencies and intention,”Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 447–465, 2013.

D. Cooper, W. Peake, &W. Watson, “Seizingopportunities: The moderatingrole of managerialcharacteristics on the relationshipbetweenopportunity-seekingand innovation efficacy in small businesses,” Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 54, pp.1038–1058, 2016.

D. Karlan, and M. Valdivia, “Teachingentrepreneurship: Impact of business training on microfinance clients and institutions”, Working paper, 2006.

D.F. Kuratko, “The emergence of entrepreneurshipeducation:Development, trends, and challenges”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, vol. 29, no, 5, pp. 577-598, 2005.

D. Rae, “Entrepreneurial learning: A narrative basedconceptual model. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, vol. 12, no,3, pp.232–335, 2006.

European Commission, “Entrepreneurshipeducation in Europe:Fosteringentrepreneurial mindsetsthrougheducation and learning”, Final Proceedings of the Conference on Entrepreneurship Education in Oslo, 2006.

E. Kubberød, & I.B. Pettersen, “Exploringsituatedambiguity in students' entrepreneurial learning,”Education and Training, vol.59, no, 3, pp.265–279, 2017

F. Liñán, &Y.W. Chen, “Testing the entrepreneurial intention model ona two-country sample. Document de Treballd’economiadell’empresa, num. 06/7. UniversitatAutonoma de Barcelona, 2006.

K. Hockerts, “Determinants of social entrepreneurial intentions,”Entrepreneurship:Theory and Practice, vol.41, no,1, pp.105–130, 2017.

M. Cardon, &C. Kirk, “Entrepreneurial passion as mediator of the self-efficacy to persistence relationship,”Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, vol. 39, no, 5, 2015.

G. Nabi, & F. Liñán, “Graduateentrepreneurship in the developingworld: Intentions, education and development. Education & Training, vol. 53, no,5, pp.325–334, 2006.

OECD. (2009). Evaluation of programmesconcerningeducation for entrepreneurship. Report by the OECD Working Party on SMEs andEntrepreneurship, OECD, Paris.

S. Coleman, & D. Kariv, “Deconstructing’ entrepreneurial self-efficacy: A gendered perspective on the impact of ESE and community entrepreneurial culture on the financialstrategies and performance of new firms,” Venture Capital, vol. 16, pp.157–181, 2014.

S. Kerrick, D. Cumberland, &N. Choi, “Comparingmilitaryveterans and civiliansresponse to an entrepreneurship education program,” Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, vol. 19, no, 1, pp.9–23, 2016.

S.C. Parker, “The Economics of Self-Employment and Entrepreneurship”, Cambridge, U.K., Cambridge UniversityPress, 2004.

S. Shane, & S. Venkataraman, “The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research,” Academy of Management Review,vol.25, no, 1, pp. 217–226, 2000.

W.B. Gartner, “A conceptualframework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation,”Academy of Management Review, vol. 10, pp. 696–706, 1985.

W. Nowiński, M.Y. Haddoud, D. Lančarič, D. Egerová, & C. Czeglédi, 2017, “The impact of entrepreneurshipeducation, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and gender on entrepreneurial intentions of universitystudents in the Visegrad countries. Studies in Higher Education. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1365359.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Messen, K., & Saadaoui, S. (2020). The Effect of Entrepreneurial Education on Students’ Career Ambitions Conducting ASTEE Questionnaire in Algerian Universities. European Journal of Business and Management Research, 5(3). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2020.5.3.242