Impact of Organizational Commitment on Civil Servants Performance: An Empirical Study of Alauddin Islamic State University of Indonesia


  •   . Syam'un

  •   . Mahfudnurnajamuddin

  •   Syahrir Mallongi

  •   . Ramlawati

  •   . Budiandriani


This study explores the contribution of organizational culture, competence, work motivation to organizational commitment, to organizational commitment and the performance of 220 civil servants who work in the administration section of Alauddin Islamic State University of Indonesia (Makassar). Data were analyzed using analysis of moment structures. The exploratory findings provide evidence that organizational culture and work motivation contribute fully and significantly in increasing organizational commitment, in contrast to competence the results are in opposite directions. In other causality, it was found that culture and organizational commitment significantly contributed to improving employee performance, while low work competence and motivation were not proven to contribute.

Keywords: Culture, competence, organizational commitment, performance, work motivation


Handy, H. (2007). Work Responsibilities and Commitments. Publisher Tarsito, Bandung.

Algerrow, MG. Adam. (2008). Human Resource Management, West Publishing Company, New York.

Sunadji, E. A. T., & Surachman, A. (2013). The Role of Organizational Culture, Leadership, Communication, and Job Satisfaction on Employee Performance (Study on Public Enterprise of Water Resource Management of Ministry State-Owned Enterprise). Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, 3(2), 34-42.

Ghina, A. (2012). The influence of corporate culture on organizational commitment: A case study of civil government organizations in Indonesia. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 1(2), 156-170.

Siti Zaleha, Mohd. Aizat Abdull Manaf, & Farhana Quoquab. (2016). Competence, Motivation and Organizational Commitment in the Islamic Banking Context: The Role of Organizational Culture as a Mediator, American Journal of Economics, Vol. 5, No. 5C.171-176.

Winardi, Jasman, & Said Musnadi. (2016). The Influence of Organizational Culture and Motivation on Employee Performance with Organizational Commitment as an Intervening Variable (Study at the Aceh Provincial Irrigation Service). Journal of Management Science, Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University, Volume 1 (1), May 2016: 1-24.

Bartlett, CA, & Ghoshal, S. (1997). The myth of the generic manager: new personal competencies for new management roles. California management review, 40 (1), 92-116.

Thorlaxone, AJ, & Murray, RP (1996). An empirical study of empowerment in the workplace. Group & Organization Management, 21 (1), 67-83.

Harrison, Rosemary. (2011) Analysis of Culture Organization, Competence Motivation toward, Commitment to Increasing the Performance of Employee in Florida Government. Administration Science Science Quarterly June. 91-96.

Andriani, R. (2014). The Influence of Organizational Culture and Competence on Employee Job Satisfaction at State Savings Bank in Bandung. Journal of Ecodemica: Journal of Economics, Management, and Business, 2 (2), 247-257.

Akram Zaki. (2014). The Influence of Motivation, Work Facilities, and Competence on Organizational Commitment and Employee Performance at the Transportation Agency in South Sumatra Province. Journal of Business and Economics (JBE), Vol. 18, No. 1. 170-187.

Kartini. (2015). The Influence of Competence, Organizational Commitment, and Organizational Culture on Job Satisfaction and Employee Performance at the Regional Secretariat of East Kutai Regency. Paradigm Journal, Vol. 4. No.1.

Gae-Liang Wang, Yu-Je Lee, & Chuan-Chih Ho. (2017). The Effects of Job Satisfaction, and Competence on Employee Performance: As Exemplified with Employees of Listed Property Insurance Companies in Taiwan. Research in Business and Management, Volume 1 (2), August 2012: 41-53.

Deswarta, D. (2017). The Influence of Competence and Motivation on Job Satisfaction and Lecturer Performance at the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau. Currency, 3 (1), 19-39.

Yusuf, A. (2018). The Influence of Organizational Culture and Competence on Work Motivation at PT. Harmonious Mitra Sejahtera. Value: Journal of Management and Business, 3 (1).

Nadler, David. (2017). Managing Organizations, Reading and Cases. Boston, Toronto Little, Brown and Company.

Barney, J. B., & Griffin, R. W. (1992). The management of organizations: Strategy, structure, behavior. Houghton Mifflin College Div.

Malik, M. E., Nawab, S., Naeem, B., & Danish, R. Q. (2010). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment of university teachers in the public sector of Pakistan. International journal of business and management, 5(6), 17.

Sarminah, S. (2015). The Effects of Competence and Organization Commitment on Job Satisfaction and Job Performance Relationship: A Case of Managers in Malaysia’s Manufacturing Companies. European Journal of Social Sciences, Volume 22, Number 3 (2015): 421-429.

Dizgah, M. R., Chegini, M. G., & Bisokhan, R. (2012). Relationship between job satisfaction and employee job performance in Guilan public sector. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2(2), 1735-1741.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2013). Organizational behavior (Vol. 4). New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Ndraha, Taliziduhu. (2014). Organizational culture. Rineka Cipta Publisher, Jakarta.

Melina Taurisa, C., & Intan, R. (2012). Analysis of the influence of organizational culture and job satisfaction on organizational commitment in improving employee performance (Study at PT. Sido Appears Kaligawe Semarang). Journal of Business and Economics, 19(2).

Mitrani, A. (1995). Competency-Based Human Resource Management (translation). PT. Intermasa. Jakarta.

Nawawi, Hadari, (2012). Human Resource Management for Competitive Business. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Syam, EB, Pascawati, PNS, & Sjahruddin, H. (2020). Contribution of Islamic Leadership Style Dimensions to Teacher Performance. Journal of Economics and Business Dharma Andalas, 22 (2), 210-220.

Gibson, L. James, Ivancevich, M. John, & Donnely, H. James, (2017). The organization, Process Structure Behavior, Volume 1, Fifth Edition, Translation, Jakarta: Erlangga.

Kanto, M., & Sjahruddin, H. (2020). How Psychological Capital Mediates the Relationship Between Thriving at Work and Happiness At Work? A Cross-Sectional Research for Tourism Sector of Indonesia. PalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 17(6), 1798-1812.

Fatima Bushra, Ahmad Usman, & Asvir Naveed. (2014). Effect of Transformational Leadership and Motivation on Organizational Commitment and Performance in Banking Sektor of Pakistan. Internaltonal Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 1, (16). 142-150.

Sjahruddin, H., & Anisyar, AN (2021). Benefits, Incentives and Discipline as Determinants of Employee Performance. (JMK) Journal of Management and Entrepreneurship, 6 (1), 73-85.

McKenna, Eugene. (2014). The Essence: Human Resource Management. Publisher Elex Media Komputindo, Jakarta.

Jewell, LL & Marc Siegall, (2015). Modern Industrial or Organizational Psychology. Translation of Hadyana Pudjatmaka and Meitasari, Arcan Publisher, Jakarta.

Sjahruddin, H., & Sudiro, A. A. (2013). Organizational justice, organizational commitment and trust in manager as predictor of organizational citizenship behavior. Interdiciplinary J. of contemporary Res. Bus. (IJCRB), 4(12), 133-141.

Suliman, Abubakar MT, (2014). Is it Really a Mediating Construct? Journal of Management Development, Vol. 14, No.7.

Meyer, J.P., & Allen, N.J. (1991). A three component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review 1, 61-89.

Nyhan. R.C., (2013). Changing the Paradigm: Trust and its Role in Public Sector Organisations'. American Review of Public Administration. 30(1): 87-109.

Toban, C., & Sjahruddin, H. (2016). The antecedent and consequence of Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Business and Management Sciences, 4(2), 26-33.

Gibson, L. James, Ivancevich, M. John, & Donnely, H. James, (2017). Organization, Process Structure Behavior, Volume 1, Fifth Edition, Translation, Jakarta: Erlangga.

Gomes, Faustino Cardoso., (2013). Human Resource Management, Andi Offset, Yogyakarta.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Syam’un, ., Mahfudnurnajamuddin, ., Mallongi, S., Ramlawati, ., & Budiandriani, . (2021). Impact of Organizational Commitment on Civil Servants Performance: An Empirical Study of Alauddin Islamic State University of Indonesia. European Journal of Business and Management Research, 6(2), 54–60.

Most read articles by the same author(s)