##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Sadam Hussain

  •   Arifa Bano Talpur

Abstract

Ethical Leadership plays a vital role in every organization and is always seen as a positive perspective both in research and in practice and predicts the relation of employee performance and mediating role of organizational culture.
The present research is conducted in a domestic public listed company named Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC). The research was conducted for the purpose of evaluating the role of ethical leaders, followers who act and behave ethically, this paper presumes the high and low levels of ethical leadership and would show the positive and negative aspects of executives over employee performance and how organizational culture mediates and is affected by ethical leaders. In this paper primary resources were used, for the primary purpose, the questionnaire was spread to know the impacts of ethical leadership on employee performance and how organization culture mediates within SSGC.

Keywords: Ethical leadership, organization culture employee’s performance

References

Kanungo, R.N (2001) Ethical values of transactional and transformational leaders, Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration18(4):257-265.

Brown Michael E., Treviño Linda K., Harrison (2005) David A. Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 97 (2005) 117–134.

Trevino, L., & Brown, M. (2004). Managing to be ethical: Debunking five business ethics myths. Academy of Management Executive, 18(2), 69-83

Khuntia R, Suar D (2004). A Scale to Assess Ethical Leadership of Indian Private and Public Sector Managers, January 2004, Journal of Business Ethics ,49(1):13-26.

Yukl, G. A. (2006). Leadership in organizations (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.

O’Reilly, C.A., Chatman, J. III. & Caldwell, D.F. 1991. ‘People and organizational culture: Peters, Tom, and Robert Waterman. 1982. In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s Best Run Companies. New York: Harper and Row.

Marcoulides, G. & Heck, R. (1993). Organizational culture and performance: Proposing and testing a model. Organization Science, 4(2), 209-225.

Mwita, J. I. (2000), Performance management model: A system-based approach to system quality. The International Journal of Public Sector Management, Volume 13, No. 1, pp. 19-37.

Siraj Jamal and Masroor Ali Soomro., 2011. Management Styles and Employee Performance: A Study of a Public Sector Company (SSGC), South Asian Journal of Management Science, Vol. 5, No. 2, (Fall 2011)65-71.

Habib, S. et al., 2014. The Impact of Organizational Culture on Job Satisfaction, Employess Commitment and Turn over Intention. Advances in Economics and Business, 2(6), 215-222.

Iqbal, S. & Guohao, L. A. S., 2017. Effects of Job Organizational Culture, Benefits, Salary on Job Satisfaction Ultimately Affecting Employee Retention. Review Pub Administration Manag 5: 229. doi:10.4172/2315-7844.1000229.

Engelbrecht, A. S., Heine, G., & Mahembe, B. (2017). Integrity, ethical leadership, trust and work engagement. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 38(3), 368-379.

Xu, A. J., Loi, R., & Ngo, H-Y. (2016). Ethical leadership behavior and employee justice Perceptions: The mediating role of trust in organization. Journal of Business Ethics, 134(3), 493-504.

Azizollah, A., Abolghasem, F., & Amin, D.M. 2016. The relationship between organizational culture and organizational commitment in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. Global Journal of Health Science 8(7): 195-202.

Dahie, A.M., Takow, M.A., Nur, A.H. & Osman, M.M. 2016. Organizational culture and employee performance at telecommunication firms in Mogadishu, Somalia. International Journal in Commerce, IT & Social Sciences 3(1): 30-41.

Firuzjaeyan, A.A., Firuzjaeyan, M., & Sadeghi, B. 2015. A survey of the effect of organizational culture on organizational commitment based on Allen and Meyer model (Case study: High school teachers of Bandpey region). International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 5(1): 1-9.

Sui, A.S., Pearce, J.L., Porter, L.W. and Tripoli, A.M. (1997) Alternative Approaches to the Employee-Organization Relationship: Does Investment in Employees Pay Off? Academy of Management Journal, 40, 1089-1121. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/256928.

Rubin R.S,Dierdorff&Michael E. Brown(2010) Does ethical leadership make a difference? Exploring leader and follower consequences of ethical leader behavior, Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (2):215-235 (2010).

Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14, 532-550. https://doi.org/10.2307/258557.

Yin, R. K., (1994). Case Study Research Design and Methods: Applied Social Research and Methods Series. Second edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc.

Trevino, L.K., Brown, M.E. (2006), Ethical Leadership: A review and future directions. The Leadership Quarterly (Science Direct), 17, 595-616.

Argyris, C., & Schön, D. (1996). Organizational learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Ahmad, Shalik M. 2012. Impact of Organizational culture on Performance Management Practices in Pakistan, Business Intelligence Journal, 5.

Alharbi. M and Alyahya. M (2013). Impact of Organizational Culture on Employee Performance: International Review of management and Business Research: Vol.2 Issue1.

Aluko, M.A, 2003. The Impact of Culture on Organizational Performance in Selected Textile Forms in Nigeria, Journal of African Studies 12 (2): 164-79.

Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(3), 315-338.

Alvesson M. (2002). Understanding organizational culture. London, England: SAGE.

Adel Mohamed Ali Shurbhagi & Ibrahim Bin Zahari., 2014. The Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment on the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Culture. International Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 5, No. 6; 2014.

Aroian, L. A. (1944/1947). The probability function of the product of two normally distributed variables. Annals of Mathematical Statistics, 18, 265-271.

Argyris, C., & Schön, D. (1996). Organizational learning. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Ahmad, S., Shahzad, K. (2011), HRM and employee performance: A case of university teachers of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) in Pakistan. African Journal of Business Management, 5(13), 5249-5253.

Al Nasseri, N., Osborne, A., Steel, G. (2013), Organizational culture, leadership style and effectiveness: A case study of middle eastern construction clients. In: Ahiaga-Dagbui, D.D., editor. Proceedings 29th Annual ARCOM Conference. p2-4.

Avey, J. B., Palanski, M. E., & Walumbwa, F. O. (2011). When Leadership Goes Unnoticed: The moderating role of follower Self-Esteem on the relationship between Ethical Leadership and Follower Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(4), 573–582.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.

Denison D. R., Haaland S., Goelzer P. (2004). Corporate culture and organizational effectiveness: Is Asia different from the rest of the world?

Dharmanegara, I.B.A., Sitiari, N.W. & Adelina, M.E. 2016. The impact of organizational commitment, motivation and job satisfaction on civil servant job performance in State Plantation Denpasar. Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) 18(2): 41-50.

Goodman, L. A. (1960). On the exact variance of products. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 55, 708-713.

Hoyle, R. H., & Kenny, D. A. (1999). Sample size, reliability, and tests of statistical mediation. In R. Hoyle (Ed.) Statistical Strategies for Small Sample Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Krull, J. L., & MacKinnon, D. P. (1999). Multilevel mediation modeling in group-based intervention studies. Evaluation Review, 23, 418-444.

MacKinnon, D. P., & Dwyer, J. H. (1993). Estimating mediated effects in prevention studies. Evaluation Review, 17, 144-158.

MacKinnon, D. P., Lockwood, C. M., Hoffman, J. M., West, S. G., & Sheets, V. (2002). A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects. Psychological Methods, 7, 83-104.

MacKinnon, D. P., Warsi, G., & Dwyer, J. H. (1995). A simulation study of mediated effect measures. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 30, 41-62.

Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36, 717-731.

Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422-445.

Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic intervals for indirect effects in structural equations models. In S. Leinhart (Ed.), Sociological methodology 1982 (pp.290-312). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Zahedi, M. 2004. Relationship between organizational culture and organizational performance, Tehran: Journal of the insurance industry, in the seventeenth, spring2004.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Hussain, S., & Talpur, A. B. (2021). Impact of Ethical Leadership and Mediating Effect of Organization Culture on Employees Performance: A Case of SSGC Zonal Office District Jacobabad Sindh, Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Management Research, 6(2), 127-133. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2021.6.2.810